Firsts for Women in History
March is Women's History Month. Here are some women who are famous for being first in their field.
Edith Wharton wrote the novel The Age of Innocence in 1920. The following year, Wharton was the first woman to be awarded the Pulitzer Prize.
In 1928, Amelia Earhart flew across the Atlantic in 20 hours. She won many awards and became an editor for a magazine. In 1937, she wanted to be the first pilot to fly around the world. Earhart, with her navigator Fred Noonan, flew from Miami, Brazil, India and Australia. As they left New Guinea for Howland Island, their plane was lost over the Pacific Ocean and never found.
Aerospace engineer Janet Gutherie was training to be an astronaut, but without a doctorate, she was cut from the program. In 1977, Gutherie was the first woman to qualify for the Daytona/Indianapolis 500, but she was forced out due to mechanical difficulties. The next year, with a broken wrist, Gutherie placed ninth.
The first woman appointed to the Supreme Court was Sandra Day O'Connor by President Ronald Reagan in 1980.
Kathryn Bigelow directed The Hurt Locker in 2008. At the 2010 Academy Awards, Bigelow won Oscars for Best Director and Best Picture, making her the first woman director to do so. The Hurt Locker won six Oscars in all.
In 1943, because of the war, many men including athletes, were called to in the service. The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League became the solution. Teams included the Racine Belles, Rockford Peaches, Grand Rapids Chicks and Fort Wayne Daisies. The teams played for 12 seasons with more than 600 players. The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (AAGPBL) disband in 1954. Women in Baseball exhibit in Cooperstown opened in November 1988.